The Functions of Assessment

  1. Formative assessment provides diagnostic feedback to students and instructors at short-term intervals (e.g., during a class or on a weekly basis)
  2. Summative assessment provides a description of students' level of attainment upon completion of an activity, module, or course
  3. Evaluative assessment provides instructors with curricular feedback (e.g., the value of a field trip or oral presentation technique)
  4. Educative assessment Integrated within learning activities themselves, educative assessment builds student (and faculty) insight and understandings about their own learning and teaching. In short, assessment IS a form of learning

Assessment Strategies

  1. Scoring Rubrics help students focus on content and Instructional Rubrics to guide them in developing presentations, written and oral reports.
  2. Concept Maps assist students in "seeing the big picture".
  3. Portfolios document student learning and improve student metacognition.
  4. Co-operative Learning: Assessment contains strategies that encourage peer-to-peer learning, individual and group grading.
  5. ConcepTests - Conceptual multiple-choice questions useful in large classes.
  6. Knowledge Survey - Students answer whether they could answer a survey of course content questions.
  7. Exams - Find tips on how to make exams better assessment instruments.
  8. Oral Presentations - Tips for evaluating student presentations.
  9. Peer Review - Having student assess themselves and each other.
  10. Written Reports - Tips for assessing written reports.
  11. Other Assessment Types including concept sketches, case studies, seminar-style courses, mathmatical thinking and performance assessments.

http://serc.carleton.edu/introgeo/assessment/scorerubrics.html